What is Interior Design and How Does it Work?

Hi, fellow interior design enthusiasts. Welcome to another "all about interior design" blog at Rocabu Designs. You might think this blog's topic is silly, but I just realized I've been sharing design ideas, tips, and how-to blogs without ever explaining what interior design actually is.

What is Interior Design and How Does it Work?Disclaimer: My blog contains affiliate links. I get commissions for purchases made through links in this post. For more information, please read my Affiliate Marketing Disclaimer. Featured Image via Amazon.

Let's also discuss the key design factors that impact a space's appearance and vibe, particularly for residential design.

Assuming I've got time (hopefully you do, too), I'd also like to discuss why a well-designed space is crucial to our everyday lives and share my top tips for creating a cozy interior design that reflects your style and personality.

Alrighty, go ahead and grab a cup of joe, kick back, and let's dive into the enchanting world of interior design!

What is Interior Design?

Let's start with the basics, what is interior design? I mean, we could Google it and get a fancy-pants definition, but where's the fun in that?

I bet you're not reading my blog for that! I will give you my definition of interior design based on my more than 15 years of experience in the design field.

top view rendering of a living room showing floor lamp, green accent chair, sofa, wooden floor and grey area rug by Rocabu DesignsImage via Rocabu Designs' Portfolio

Interior design is like a wild adventure, a complex (yet super fun) journey to craft livable spaces that solve users' unique problems and needs (in a way that fits their lifestyle most of the time). It's like solving a puzzle where designers like me put in our all to craft the finest and most affordable solutions (if you're counting your pennies) for the client to enjoy a practical and visually appealing space.

Interior design goes beyond choosing attractive curtains or deciding on a wall color. It's a dynamic field that creates thoughtfully planned, accessible, eco-friendly, and stunning spaces.

dining area interior design showing monochrome walls, archway, dining chair and table by design milkImage via Design Milk

It's all about grasping how various elements like color, lighting, space, and texture can team up to make a harmonious environment.

Never Missed the Key Design Elements

When revamping a room in your house, keep in mind the interior design elements mentioned above - they're the secret sauce for creating a balanced, functional, and homey space.

Space- Where We Define Functions

Space is everything in interior design. It's our creative playground, where ideas burst to life. It's not just about the dimensions, but how we perceive it.

When we think about redesigning or renovating a room, we take into account the current space. It's a part of the interior design process where our imagination goes crazy with finishes, decor, and lighting (but hold up); let me interrupt you for a moment.

bathroom showing balck and white mosaic tiles flooring, a round bench, glossy modular vanity cabinet, white painted walls and simple windowImage via Design Milk

Planning is key! Before diving in, take a moment to consider your space requirements, like what you'll be using the space for and whether you want to keep your current furniture or spice things up with something fresh and new. 

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    Line- The Way We Go

    Lines are like a treasure map, guiding your eyes on a thrilling journey across the room. They can be as level as a dance floor (floors and ceiling), as tall as superheroes (walls, doors & windows), or as lively as a comedy show (furniture & lighting).

    living room showing vertical accent wood panels, green upholstered couch, table lamp and blue area rugImage via Interiors Magazine

    Horizontal lines create a chill and stable vibe, while vertical lines spark a sense of freedom and openness, and lively lines bring some pep and motion. Get wild and mix it up to design a space that spills your story!

    Form- Tri-Dimensional Elements

    A room that's got the right vibes should find a sweet spot between geometric and organic shapes.

    kitchen showing white cabinets, black bar stool, island counter and hanging decorative pendant lightsImage via Arch Daily

    Keep it unique in interior design with two types of forms: organic forms like curved sofas and light fixtures, and geometric forms like tables and chairs. The shape of the room and the objects inside it determine the form.

    Light- Sunny or Shady

    Mellow, snuggly lighting can conjure up an intimate mood, while zesty, A-grade lighting can bring a space to life and get things done.

    pendant lighting on dining table showing a figure of an eye, nose and lipsImage via Lightform

    Light makes spaces pop. It can be natural or man-made. It doesn't just reveal a space's beauty but also affects our mood.

    Color- Sparks Feelings

    Color has a major impact on a room's vibe, size, and style! Each color has its own unique personality and effect. Blues give off a cool vibe, reds ignite passion, and greens bring freshness.

    Related Blog: 2024 Color of the Year: A Vibrant Palette from the Biggest Paint Brands

    bathroom showing vertical tile patterns and two modern style vanity countersImage via Design Milk

    Texture- Tickles the Soul

    bathroom showing textured rib green tiles on walls and vanity backsplash with French style glass shower partitionImage via Tile Bar

    Texture adds depth and dimension to any space. It's all about the sensory experience - a plush cushion, a shiny tabletop, a rugged brick wall. Experimenting with textures can turn a room into an enchanting oasis!

    Pattern- The Fun Twist

    Patterns, just like color, add flavor to a space. They're everywhere: in fabrics, furnishings, and even architectural elements. Patterns can be vibrant and eye-catching or subtle and unobtrusive.

    Peel & Stick Floral Wallpaper (BUY ON AMAZON)

    Vintage Peel and Stick Floral Wallpaper Removable Large Peony Black/Orange/Pink Vinyl Self Adhesive Mural 17.7in x 9.8ft

    They bring life to a space and bring everything together. But don't go over the top - going too pattern bananas can turn a room into a complete frenzy.

    Related Blog: Top 10 Interior Design Trends for 2024

    living room showing blue an L-shape sofa, rug, wall accent arts and modern pendant lightImage via Design Milk

    Don't forget, interior design isn't just about making a space look good; it's about crafting a space that feels good. It's all about balance, harmony, and storytelling. So go ahead, have some fun with these elements, and create a space that's completely you!

    Why is a well-designed space important?

    You may be like, 'Wow, that sounds awesome, but why does it matter?' Alright, let's dissect it.

    Elevates Functionality

    a staircase showing view of living room, wooden stair, white tile flooring, overall a tropical interior design styleImage via Real Living

    A good space isn't just nice; it's useful. Interior design helps to make the most of space, improve flow, and enhance usability. Ever been in a room where everything just clicks? That's good interior design.

    Increases Property Value

    a door that opens to dining area showing grey wall accent, glass pendant lights, upholstered dining chairs and wooden floorImage via Catherine Wilman

    If you're in the business of selling or renting out your property, listen up! Good interior design can work wonders when it comes to boosting its value. A thoughtfully designed space is like catnip for potential buyers or tenants, giving you the upper hand in negotiations.

    Enhances Aesthetics

    seating lounge or reading corner with grey upholstered lounge chair, golden floor lamp, wall shelves and an orange and gold side tableImage via Black & Milk

    Good interior design is like a visual symphony, where every piece of furniture, every color, and every light fixture plays a part in creating a fantastic and cohesive look for your home.

    Reflects Personality

    a chic looking bedroom with white bed, purple pillow accents, purple upholstered accent chair and brown fabric window shadeImage via Betty Wasserman Art & Interiors

    Turn your home into an extension of you. Express your personality and interests through interior design. Crave a striking green wall? Rock it in the entranceway or even on the ceiling. Love minimalism? Keep it neat, organized, and clutter-free.

    Improves Mood

    a vibrant living room with green accent chair, print wallcovering and colorful area rug and sofaImage via Right Meets Left Interior Design

    You won't believe it, but how you design your space can totally affect how you feel. A messy, dimly lit room can stress you out, while a well-planned, vibrant, and open space can totally boost your mood!

    Are you up for a dose of interior design tips?

    Want to unlock the magic of interior design in your home? Look no further! Here are some major guidelines you can try!

    Planning Before Anything Else

    Before purchasing furniture or adding a fresh coat of paint, make sure you know exactly what you're looking for. Take into account the purpose of the room, your budget, and your personal style.

    a blank study space with wooden table and chairImage via Jeffery Ho on Unsplash  

    Measure every inch of the room, from wall to wall, top to bottom. Don't forget to note the positions of doors and windows. And hey, keep an eye out for electrical outlets too! They'll come in handy when you're figuring out where to put your furniture and appliances!

    sample floor plan sketchSample floor plan sketch from my Blog: How to Make a Rental Living Room Feel Like your Own?

    Drawing a floor plan by hand is totally up to you; snapping pictures, printing them out, and adding measurements and notes is just as good.

    Functions First Before Beauty

    Be trendy and practical with multi-functional spaces! Think about all the cool things you can do in your space. Picture yourself and your family in the newly renovated area. What fun activities will you do? And how will the furniture and fixed elements play a part?

    multi-functional bedroom showing a study area below the bed with stairsImage via Arch20

    While your space must be fabulously stylish, it's equally crucial for it to be practical. Ensure there's ample storage, seating, and lighting.

    Creating a Never-Ending Experiment with Space

    Snag some swatches and try out different finishes in your space! Manufacturers often offer free samples of tiles, flooring, fabric, and wallcovering.

    Get your hands on the real deal (even swatches) to see what these finishes really look and feel like!

    sample finishes swatches from different brands

    Interior design is like a wild adventure, a creative process that will make you go 'wow'! Let loose and play with colors, patterns, and styles. Get ready to be pleasantly surprised!

    Design Help is Just a Click Away

    Time is precious and renovation can be a headache (especially when you're short on time). If that's the case, why not bring in an interior designer to transform your space into your wildest dreams?

    interior designers is just a click awayImage via John Schnobrich on Unsplash  

    All Interior Designers have an extensive arsenal of knowledge, experience, and resources to guarantee the creation of your dream space. It may require some extra cash, but it's worth it to save you time and stress if you're not into DIY design.


    Interior design isn't just about making spaces look pretty. It's about creating environments that amp up our lives, mirror our personalities, and bring us joy and coziness.

    Whether you're building a new home or revamping your bedroom, don't forget the significance of great interior design. Have a blast designing!

    Looking for some extra design inspiration? Take a deep dive into our top-notch home design blogs loaded with tips and tricks!

    8 Ways to Achieve the Perfect Japandi Style in your Home

    5 Types of Outdoor Lights to Elevate your Home's Exterior Style

    Top 8 Design Tips for Creating the Perfect Baby Girl's Nursery Room

    Thanks for checking out my blog. I'm here to share over fifteen years of design expertise (mainly interior design) through reviews, tips, inspiration, and DIY projects.

    I hope you love it here as much as I love writing my blogs; feel free to drop a comment, email me at info@rocabudesigns.com, or join our newsletter for fresh blog updates.

    Together, let's create meaningful and beautiful spaces.



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